Employment Relations Essay QuestionsEssay Questions | Example Essay Questions
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Employment Relations Essay Questions
Erickson and sarosh kuruvilla noted that the transformation debate persists partly because there is no clear consensus on what constitutes transformation. Some scholars argue that the present legal framework governing union formation and union-management relations in most of the private sector (e. Similarly, management scholars often regard human resources management as a field within management that includes industrial relations or labor relations as one of its more specialized areas.
Reflecting its temporal origins, dunlops industrial relations systems concept had tended to portray or least be perceived as portraying collective bargaining as the principal mechanism for setting employment terms, although this is not inherent in the industrial relations systems concept. Outcomes, including wages and benefits, rules about work relations (e. These programs tend to stress graduate and professional level education, although some offer undergraduate courses and degrees.
At this time industrial relations remains the preferred term for describing the field among scholars. Examples of these institutions include the institute of labor and industrial relations at the university of illinois, the school of labor and industrial relations at michigan state university, the industrial relations research institute at the university of wisconsin, and the new york state school of industrial and labor relations at cornell university. In some national systems (e.
Coupling these observations with the current low level of union representation (and perhaps with the conclusion that the decline of unions is irreversible), some have proposed that the united states should seriously consider establishing similar to those in many european nations. . In any case, currently both business schools and specialized schools or institutes in industrial relations are major centers for research and teaching of industrial relations.
In addition to research and more traditional academic degree programs, these institutions often included a labor education or labor studies component aimed clearly at the needs of organized workers and their organizations. There is an inherent inequality of bargaining power in most individual employer-employee relationships, and thus collective representation of employees (e. For example, employee compensation issues may be usefully addressed in terms of but psychological theories offer useful insights on employee attitudes toward and reactions to compensation matters.
In addition, kochan and his coauthors stress that there are multiple levels of interaction between employers and employeesstrategic (e. There has, however, been controversy concerning whether the field has become too closely associated with the narrower conception of industrial relations, i. During the same time, public policy on employment matters had shifted from a reliance on collective bargaining (and markets) to more of an emphasis on individual worker rights established by statute and judicial decisions. Although the term industry or industrial (as in industrial relations) connotes for many heavy industry (e. Some would include many part-time workers as well as many independent contractors and temporary employees in a definition of the contingent in any case, conceptions of industrial relations as the study of all aspects of people at work clearly do not limit the field to formal or legal definitions of employment.
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Employment Relations Essay Questions Anthony, daniel g, Clearly, however. In a recent study of possible industrial relations system transformation in several countries, which was published in christopher l, Latin american countries). Second, business schools have become major centers of industrial relations research and teaching, but more as a result of their sheer size and number than as a result of its emphasis within the business school curriculum, Related to this. There are large areas of common interests between employers and employees despite their conflicting interests, and important interdependencies (e. Buy argumentative plagiarism free essays online from trusted custom writing service.
Industrial Relations - benefits, expenses
Whether one defines industrial relations broadly or narrowly of course influences which topics one would consider specializations within industrial relations. All of these criticisms have been embodied in recent writings arguing that u. As yet there has not been a dramatic turnaround in union organizing success. The afl-cio and some of its affiliates seem to have taken more aggressive approaches to organizing, bargaining, and politics under sweeneys leadership. First, the specialized industrial relations institutions have tended to follow industrys call for more emphasis on human resources management and less on union-management relations.
National labor relations act of 1935 or wagner act, as amended by the labor management relations act or of 1947, and other legislation) may have been reasonably well-suited to the united states of the 1930s and 1940s, but that subsequent economic and social changes necessitate significant amendments or even a major overhaul. Since sweeneys election as afl-cio president, the federation has made substantial changes in staff, strategies, and tactics. Whether the nature of industrial relations issues is sufficiently unique to justify considering industrial relations a true discipline has been controversial, but most scholars appear to favor the interdisciplinary subject view. Similarly, it contrasts with economists stress on efficiency as a supreme goal, although some labor economists (such as richard b. Some industrial relations scholars (such as roy j.
Similar programs were established or expanded in many other states in the great lakes region, the northeast, and on the west coast. These programs tend to stress graduate and professional level education, although some offer undergraduate courses and degrees. In a recent study of possible industrial relations system transformation in several countries, which was published in christopher l. Kaufman for helpful comments, but retains sole responsibility for any errors. Kochan, in his book as all aspects of people at work, but there are clearly some aspects of people at work that entail highly technical subjects (e. Latin american countries), other actors such as the military or organized religious institutions may play influential roles. Even in a democrat-controlled congress, any major changes to labor relations law could face stiff opposition. Some would include many part-time workers as well as many independent contractors and temporary employees in a definition of the contingent in any case, conceptions of industrial relations as the study of all aspects of people at work clearly do not limit the field to formal or legal definitions of employment. The concept of a system is applied in the sense that industrial relations, according to daniel quinn mills, author of consists of the processes by which human beings and organizations interact at the workplace and, more broadly, in society as a whole to establish the terms and conditions of employment. In fact, due to its distinctive values and assumptions (see below) industrial relations has often been something of an awkward fit within business schools, which have found human resources management a more comfortable fit.Industrial relations refers to processes and outcomes involving employment relationships. Frequently the term is used in a narrower sense, for employment ...