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Research Paper Topics Political Science
At this first stage, i try to be as open-minded as i can. When you deliver criticism, your comments should be honest but always respectful and accompanied with suggestions to improve the manuscript. Depending on how much time i have, i sometimes also end with a section of minor comments.
It is also very important that the authors guide you through the whole article and explain every table, every figure, and every scheme. To me, it is biased to reach a verdict on a paper based on how groundbreaking or novel the results are, for example. That makes things a lot harder for editors of the less prestigious journals, and thats why i am more inclined to take on reviews from them.
I usually differentiate between major and minor criticisms and word them as directly and concisely as possible. As a range of institutions and organizations around the world the essential role of peer review in upholding the quality of published research this week, careers shares collected insights and advice about how to review papers from researchers across the spectrum. I read the manuscript very carefully the first time, trying to follow the authors argument and predict what the next step could be.
What is the paper about? How is it structured? I also pay attention to the schemes and figures if they are well designed and organized, then in most cases the entire paper has also been carefully thought out. Major comments may include suggesting a missing control that could make or break the authors conclusions or an important experiment that would help the story, though i try not to recommend extremely difficult experiments that would be beyond the scope of the paper or take forever. Third, i make sure that the design of the methods and analyses are appropriate.
I look for specific indicators of research quality, asking myself questions such as are the background literature and study rationale clearly articulated? Do the hypotheses follow logically from previous work? Are the methods robust and well controlled? Are the reported analyses appropriate? (i usually pay close attention to the useand misuseof frequentist statistics. I solved it by making the decision to review one journal article per week, putting a slot in my calendar for it, and promptly declining subsequent requests after the weekly slot is filledor offering the next available opening to the editor. I may, for example, highlight an obvious typo or grammatical error, though i dont pay a lot of attention to these, as it is the authors and copyeditors responsibility to ensure clear writing.
Even if a manuscript is rejected for publication, most authors can benefit from suggestions. If there are things i struggle with, i will suggest that the authors revise parts of their paper to make it more solid or broadly accessible. After all, even though you were selected as an expert, for each review the editor has to decide how much they believe in your assessment. Loughborough university in the united kingdom im more prone to agree to do a review if it involves a system or method in which i have a particular expertise. So if you have not fully understood something in the paper, do not hesitate to ask for clarification.
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Research Paper Topics Political ScienceFuture Research Topics in Social Entrepreneurship - FINAL
3 Future Research Topics in Social Entrepreneurship: A Content-Analytic Approach Scholars naturally reflect on important next steps in the collective research agenda.
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How to review a paper | Science | AAAS
Reading these can give you insights into how the other reviewers viewed the paper, and into how editors evaluate reviews and make decisions about rejection versus acceptance or revise and resubmit. The only other factor i pay attention to is the scientific integrity of the journal. If the paper has horrendous difficulties or a confused concept, i will specify that but will not do a lot of work to try to suggest fixes for every flaw. My review begins with a paragraph summarizing the paper. Finally, i evaluate whether the methodology used is appropriate.
I try to write my reviews in a tone and form that i could put my name to, even though reviews in my field are usually double-blind and not signed. First, i consider how the question being addressed fits into the current status of our knowledge. So although peer reviewing definitely takes some effort, in the end it will be worth it. I became an editor, i used to be fairly eclectic in the journals i reviewed for, but now i tend to be more discerning, since my editing duties take up much of my reviewing time. I also scout for inconsistencies in the portrayal of facts and observations, assess whether the exact technical specifications of the study materials and equipment are described, consider the adequacy of the sample size and the quality of the figures, and assess whether the findings in the main manuscript are aptly supplemented by the supplementary section and whether the authors have followed the journals submission guidelines.
My tone is one of trying to be constructive and helpful even though, of course, the authors might not agree with that characterization. Writing a good review requires expertise in the field, an intimate knowledge of research methods, a critical mind, the ability to give fair and constructive feedback, and sensitivity to the feelings of authors on the receiving end. This varies widely, from a few minutes if there is clearly a major problem with the paper to half a day if the paper is really interesting but there are aspects that i dont understand. Second, i ponder how well the work that was conducted actually addresses the central question posed in the paper. Hopefully, this will be used to make the manuscript better rather than to shame anyone. I also consider whether the article contains a good introduction and description of the state of the art, as that indirectly shows whether the authors have a good knowledge of the field. If the research presented in the paper has serious flaws, i am inclined to recommend rejection, unless the shortcoming can be remedied with a reasonable amount of revising. However, i know that being on the receiving end of a review is quite stressful, and a critique of something that is close to ones heart can easily be perceived as unjust. I usually write down all the things that i noticed, good and bad, so my decision does not influence the content and length of my review. I almost always do it in one sitting, anything from 1 to 5 hours depending on the length of the paper.For Peer Review Week, researchers from across the spectrum offer advice and insights about how to review research manuscripts